Kshitij Singh
1 min read

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SQL to Haskell: A Comprehensive Guide


Transitioning from SQL to Haskell can be a challenging yet rewarding experience. This guide will help you understand the basics of converting SQL queries to Haskell code, making the process smoother and more efficient. What is SQL? SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standard language for managing and manipulating databases. It is widely used for querying, updating, and managing data in relational databases.

What is Haskell?

Haskell is a functional programming language known for its strong static typing, purity, and lazy evaluation. It is used for a variety of applications, from web development to data analysis. Why Convert SQL to Haskell? Converting SQL to Haskell can offer several benefits:
  • Type Safety: Haskell’s strong typing can help catch errors at compile time.
  • Immutability: Haskell’s immutable data structures can lead to more predictable and maintainable code.
  • Concurrency: Haskell’s concurrency model can improve performance in multi-threaded applications.

Basic SQL to Haskell Conversion

SQL Query Example

SELECT name, age FROM users WHERE age > 30;
Haskell Equivalent
import Database.HDBC
import Database.HDBC.Sqlite3

main :: IO ()
main = do
    conn <- connectSqlite3 "test.db"
    result <- quickQuery' conn "SELECT name, age FROM users WHERE age > 30" []
    mapM_ print result
    disconnect conn
Step-by-Step Guide

1. Setting Up Haskell Environment

To start, you need to install the Haskell Platform and the HDBC library for database connectivity. 2. Connecting to the Database Use the connectSqlite3 function to connect to your SQLite database.

3. Executing SQL Queries

Use the quickQuery' function to execute your SQL queries. 4. Handling Results Process the results using Haskell’s list and tuple operations.

Advanced SQL to Haskell Techniques


SELECT, orders.amount FROM users JOIN orders ON = orders.user_id;
result <- quickQuery' conn "SELECT, orders.amount FROM users JOIN orders ON = orders.user_id" []
Aggregations SQL:
result <- quickQuery' conn "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM users" []
  1. Popularity: SQL is used by 60% of developers, while Haskell is used by 3% (Source: Stack Overflow Developer Survey).
  2. Performance: Haskell’s lazy evaluation can lead to performance improvements in certain scenarios.


Think of SQL as a recipe book and Haskell as a master chef. SQL provides the instructions, while Haskell executes them with precision and efficiency.


What is the main difference between SQL and Haskell?

SQL is a query language for databases, while Haskell is a general-purpose functional programming language.

Can Haskell replace SQL?

Haskell can interact with databases using libraries like HDBC, but it does not replace SQL. Instead, it complements SQL by providing a robust programming environment.

Is it difficult to learn Haskell if I know SQL?

Learning Haskell can be challenging due to its functional nature, but knowing SQL can make it easier to understand database operations in Haskell.

  1. Haskell Official Documentation
  2. HDBC Library Documentation
  3. SQLite Official Documentation

By following this guide, you can effectively convert SQL queries to Haskell code, leveraging the strengths of both languages for your projects.

Free AI based sql to haskell code converter Online