Kshitij Singh
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Fix Debug Erlang Code: A Comprehensive Guide Debugging Erlang code can be a challenging task, but with the right approach, it becomes manageable. This article will guide you through the process of fixing and debugging Erlang code, ensuring your code runs smoothly. We will cover common issues, debugging techniques, and tools to help you optimize your Erlang code. Let’s dive in!

Understanding Erlang Code Debugging

What is Erlang? Erlang is a programming language used to build massively scalable soft real-time systems with requirements on high availability. It is known for its concurrency, fault tolerance, and distributed computing capabilities.

Why Debugging Erlang Code is Important

Debugging is crucial because it helps identify and fix errors in your code, ensuring it runs as expected. Proper debugging can save time and resources, and improve the overall quality of your software. Common Issues in Erlang Code Syntax Errors Syntax errors occur when the code does not follow the rules of the Erlang language. These errors are usually easy to spot and fix.

Runtime Errors

Runtime errors happen when the code is executed. These errors can be more challenging to identify and fix because they depend on the program’s state and input. Logical Errors Logical errors occur when the code runs without crashing but produces incorrect results. These errors require a deep understanding of the code to fix. Debugging Techniques for Erlang Code

Using the Erlang Shell

The Erlang shell is a powerful tool for testing and debugging code. You can run individual functions and inspect their output to identify issues. Using Debugger Tools Erlang provides several debugger tools, such as debugger, observer, and recon. These tools help you trace and analyze the execution of your code.

Adding Print Statements

Adding print statements to your code can help you understand its flow and identify where errors occur. This technique is simple but effective.

Tools for Debugging Erlang Code

Observer Observer is a graphical tool that provides insight into the running system. It helps you monitor processes, memory usage, and more.


The Erlang debugger allows you to set breakpoints, step through code, and inspect variables. It is a powerful tool for identifying and fixing errors. Recon Recon is a library that provides advanced debugging and introspection capabilities. It helps you analyze the state of your system and identify issues.

Best Practices for Debugging Erlang Code

Write Test Cases

Writing test cases helps you identify errors early and ensures your code works as expected. Use tools like EUnit and Common Test to write and run tests. Use Version Control Version control systems like Git help you track changes to your code and revert to previous versions if needed. This can be invaluable when debugging.

Keep Code Simple

Simple code is easier to understand and debug. Avoid unnecessary complexity and follow best practices for writing clean, maintainable code.

FAQ Section

How do I debug Erlang code? You can debug Erlang code using tools like the Erlang shell, debugger, observer, and recon. Adding print statements and writing test cases can also help.

What are common errors in Erlang code?

Common errors in Erlang code include syntax errors, runtime errors, and logical errors. Each type of error requires a different approach to fix. How can I improve my Erlang debugging skills?

Improving your Erlang debugging skills involves practice, using the right tools, and following best practices. Writing test cases and using version control can also help.

What tools are available for debugging Erlang code?

Tools available for debugging Erlang code include the Erlang shell, debugger, observer, and recon. These tools provide various capabilities for tracing and analyzing code.

Why is debugging important in Erlang?

Debugging is important in Erlang because it helps identify and fix errors, ensuring your code runs as expected. Proper debugging improves the quality and reliability of your software.


Debugging Erlang code can be challenging, but with the right techniques and tools, it becomes manageable. By understanding common issues, using debugger tools, and following best practices, you can ensure your Erlang code runs smoothly. Remember to write test cases, use version control, and keep your code simple to make debugging easier.

  1. Erlang Official Documentation - Comprehensive resource for Erlang programming.
  2. Learn You Some Erlang for Great Good! - A beginner-friendly guide to learning Erlang.
  3. Erlang Central - Community site with resources and tutorials for Erlang developers.

By following this guide, you will be well-equipped to fix and debug your Erlang code, ensuring your projects are successful and error-free.

Free AI based Erlang code debugger and fixer online
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